Immortalized in bronze,General
MacArthur wades ashore at Palo
Leyte, to drive out the Japanese
President Ferdinand Marcos,
seen here in the province of
Iloilo, some time between 1965
and 1967, sought to gain the
trust of local politicians.
- 50,000 B.C - 150 B.C, Negroid and Malay People migrate to the Philippines.
- 1150 - 1475, Islam reaches the Philippines via Borneo.
- 1521, Ferdinand Magellan lands on Samar. He brings the Catholicism
to the archipelago and is killed in a battle with Lapu-lapu, cheftain of
Mactan Island, Cebu.
- 1543, The archipelogo is named Las Philipinas in honor of King Philip
II of Spain.
- 1565, Miguel Lopez de Legaspi arrives and 333 years of Spanish colonial
- 1898, The U.S declares war against Spain and attacks Manila Bay with
heavily armed ships. The American government collaborates with Emilio Aguinaldo
and promises American support for Filipino independence. On June 12, the
Philippines is proclaimed independent from Spain by Aguinaldo. Spain sells
the Philippines to the U.S for $20 million.
- 1901, Aguinaldo is captured and takes an oath of allegiance to the
U.S. A civil government is established with William Howard Taft as the
first American Governor - General.
- 1907, The first congressional election is held.
- 1916, The Jones Law promises independence and the establishment of
a stable government. Manuel Quezon is elected President of the Senate and
Sergio Osmena, speaker of the House of Representative.
- 1917, The first Philippine cabinet under the American regime is organised.
- 1934, U.S President Roosevelt approves the Philippines Independence
Law. It provides for the establishment of the Commonwealth of the Philippines
under a constitution to be drafted by a constitution convention.
- 1935, The constitution is approved by the Constitutional Convention
and Roosevelt and ratified by the Philippine electorate. Manuel Quezon
is the Philippines’ first elected President.
- 1941, Quezon and Osmena are re-elected in the Philippines 2nd Presidental
election. Japanese bombers attack the Philippines and force Douglas MacArthur,
the Commander of the U.S Armed Forces in the Far East to retreat to Bataan.
President Quezon moves to Corregidor. MacArthur declares Manila an open
city, virtually capitulating to the Japanese
- 1942, The Japanese occupy the Philippines, impose martial law and install
their educational system. President Quezon and the war cabinet leave for
the U.S. The Hukbalahap, an anti-Japanese guerilla unit is formed. The
cruel Death March of 36,000 American and Filipino soldiers follows the
surrender of Bataan.
- 1943, A puppet government is inaugurated with Jose P.Laurel as president.
- 1944, MacArthur, Osmeno and American troops
lands in Leyte, redeeming his promise, " I shall return",. The
Commonweath government is re-established.
- 1945, American troops regain Manila. MacArthur cedes Malacanang palace
to Osmena and announces the liberation of the Philippines.
- 1946, The U.S administration declares the Philippines independent.
Manuel Roxas becomes the first President of the Republic, Elpidio Quirino
is elected the Vice President.
- 1965, Ferdinand Marcos wins the presidential election.
- 1972, Marcos declares Martial Law, Senator Benigo Aquino Jr. and other
opposition leaders are arrested. A curfew is imposed and Congress is suspended.
- 1980, Aquino is released from jail and leaves for the US for heart
- 1983, Aquino is assassinated at the airport on August 21. Demonstrations
and waves of protest roll over the country.
- 1986. Aquino’s widow, Corazon runs in a "snap" election against
Marcos. Corazon wins but Marcos tries to rig the vote counting. Defense
Minister Juan Ponce Enrile and Deputy Chief of Staff of the Amred Forces,
general Fidel Ramos stage a coup d’etat. The rebellion is given support
by Archbishop Jaime Cardinal Sin and "people power". Marcos flees
- 1989, The most serious coup d’etat against the Aquino administration
is staged by rebel soldiers and fails.
- 1992, Fidel V. Ramos is elected the President.
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